Born free in # CharlesTown, #Virginia (now in #WestVirginia)
and raised in #Chambersburg
and #Pittsburgh, #Pennsylvania.
was the son of a #slave
and grandson of a prince, according to family reports. All of his grandparents had been brought over from #Africa
to be #slaves,
but his father's father was by some accounts a village chieftain, and his mother's father a #Mandingo #prince.
His mother, Pati, may have won her freedom because of this and she worked as a seamstress, while her husband Samuel was slave carpenter and bought freedom.
Delaney was #physician's
assistant during the cholera epidemics of 1833 & 1854 in Pittsburgh, Delany treated patients although many #doctors
and residents fled the city out of fear of contamination. In this period, people did not know how the disease was transmitted.
In 1850, Delany was one of the first three black men admitted to #Harvard
Medical School, but all were dismissed after a few weeks because of widespread protests by white students. Delany had traveled in the South in 1839 to observe slavery firsthand. Beginning in 1847, he worked with #FrederickDouglass
#NewYork to publish the #NorthStar.
He visited #Liberia
colony founded by the American Colonization Society,) and lived in Canada for several years, but when the #American #CivilWar
began, he returned to the #USA and served in the Union; he became the first #AfricanAmerican
field grade officer by being commissioned as a Major.
After the War, the Delany family settled in #SouthCarolina;
there he worked for the Freedmen's Bureau and became politically active. Delany ran for Lieutenant Governor as a #Republican
(lost.) He was appointed as a Trial #Judge,
but removed following a scandal. Delany switched his party affiliation; campaigned for #Democrat
Wade Hampton III (won 1876) for #governor.
Delany met and married Catherine A. Richards in 1843. She was the daughter of a successful food provisioner, said to be one of the wealthiest families in the city. The couple had eleven children, seven of whom survived into adulthood. The parents stressed education, and some of their children graduated from college.